Modular training in vascular and endovascular surgery exemplified by the Vascular International School

K. Klemm(1) · J. Schmidli(2) · A. Assadian(3) · M.K. Widmer(2) · T. Meile(4) · H. Kiser(4) · H.-H. Eckstein(5)
1 Klinik für Gefäßchirurgie, vaskuläre und endovaskuläre Chirurgie, Marienhospital Stuttgart, 2 Universitätsklinik für Herz- und Gefässchirurgie, Universitätsspital Bern, 3 Abteilung für Gefäßchirurgie, vasculäre und endovasculäre Chirurgie, Wilhelminenspital, Wien, 4 Stiftung Vascular International, Fürigen, 5 Klinik und Poliklinik für Vaskuläre und Endovaskuläre Chirurgie, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München

The Publication: 2014 Klemm VI Modulare Training GEFAESSCHIRURGIE

Gefässchirurgie 2014 · 19:30–37 – DOI 10.1007/s00772-013-1291-9 – Online publiziert: 10. Februar 2014 – © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014


The partial shift from patient to model is a reasonable and necessary paradigm shift in surgery in order to increase patient safety and to adapt to the reduced training time periods in hospitals and increased quality demands. Since 1991 the Vascular International Foundation and School has carried out many training courses with more than 2,500 participants. The modular build training system allows to teach many open vascular and endovascular surgical techniques on lifelike models with a pulsatile circulation. The simulation courses cannot replace training in operating rooms but are suitable for supporting the cognitive and associative stages for achievingmotor skills. Scientific evaluation of the courses has continually shown that the training principle established since 1991 can lead to significant learning success. They are extremely useful not only for beginners but also for experienced vascular surgeons. They can help to shorten the learning curve, to learn new techniques or to refine previously used techniques in all stages of professional development.


Advanced training · Advanced training regulations · Training model · Vascular International · Certification